About Chirripó and the Chirripó trek


Chirripó National Park protects 50,150 hectares of high elevation terrain. Cloud forest (above 8250 ft elevation) covers half the park. Chirripó is also connected to La Amistad National Park, making this largest tract of protected forest in Central America. On the top of Chirripó mountain there are numerous lakes and this is the headwaters for many streams and rivers. "Chirripó" in the language of the indigenous people of the Talamanca mountains means "Place of eternal waters".

Climbing
Chirripo ticketing has changed. Click here for details!




If you want to climb Chirripó mountain, you must reserve and pay online. Just follow the link for detailed information. (How do I get Tickets?) The uphill trail is steep and can take up to 12 hours in poor conditions for slow trekkers. Most hikers can do it in 6 to 8 hours so start your hike early in the morning. The trek is 14.5 km to the base camp (Centro Ambientalista el Páramo) and then another 5.1 km to the top. It is better to climb only to the base camp the first day and continue the next day to the summit.


At the 7.5 Km mark (Llano Bonito) there is a shelter where you may refill your water bottle. At 14.5 Km you reach the base camp, which is very basic with bunk beds, no heating and no hot showers. Blankets, pillows, a towel and a sleeping bag are provided with your reservation.
You may either bring cold food or purchase hot food from the restaurant at Crestones Base Camp.

The hike can be very difficult but it is worth it. If clear, you can see the stunning views of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
See Hiker's Checklist

Source: Costa Rica Bureau to here


Altitudes, average temperatures and conditions
Chirripó Base Camp has an elevation of 11,152 ft (3400 meters) with daytime temperature 40 to 65°F (4 to 18°C) and nighttime 30 to 35°F (minus 1 to 2°C)
Weather on Chirripó is unpredictable and potentially dangerous if you are not prepared.
Bitterly cold winds can exceed 100 kph with wind chill dropping temperatures significantly.
Rain is always a possibility, especially in midtoafternoon. Temperatures usually fall to freezing or below during the night.

How to get here   (Map)



By Car From San Isidro:

Proceed south on the Panamerican Highway, route 2, for about 1 km (from the cathedral) you will see a sign for Parque Nacional Chirripo as you pass over El Jilguero bridge. Get in the left turn lane at the light. A supermarket called Maxi Bodega should be on your left. At the light turn left up the ramp - road and stay left. After about 8 km you will cross a bridge into the village of Rivas. Follow the pavement. At the end of the pavement is a Cerro Chirripo Park sign: turn right onto an uphill paved road. Continue for about 11 km, passing through the villages of Chimerol, Canaan to San Gerardo de Rivas (elevation 1350 meters).

The Park Office (SINAC) is located at the entrance to San Gerardo village, just after the Bar Marin on your left. Continue across the Rio Blanco bridge and up the paved road to the San Gerardo village center (church, soccer field, school). Here you will find the Chirripo Services Lodging office for Crestones base camp. There is a general grocery store across from the soccer field.

To Casa Mariposa: continue past the church in San Gerardo and stay to the right on the main road. You will cross the Quebrada Chispa Bridge and then the Rio Chirripo Bridge. Continue up the steep road, keeping left, until you reach Casa Mariposa on your left just beyond the Uran restaurant.


By Bus from San Jose:

Take a cab to the MUSOC bus station in San Jose (2222-2422). You will want to buy a bus ticket for San Isidro del General. Buses leave hourly every day from 5:30am to 5:30pm. It is important to be there at least one hour in advance to get your tickets, (office hours are from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m.). The beautiful journey to San Isidro will take approximately 3 hours. PLEASE KEEP YOUR VALUABLES ON YOU WHEN RIDING THE BUSES.


By taxi

In San Isidro it is advisable to take a 4X4 taxi for about $30to34 to Casa Mariposa. Taxis often come by the bus depot but if you can not find a 4X4 or a red, legal taxi head towards the town centre (by the big church). To get there take a right out of the bus depot and head downhill. Take a second right at the MacDonalds and the centre is on your left a few blocks down.


If you have time and you want to take the local bus here are details of the service between San Isidro and San Gerardo de Rivas:

Bus from San Isidro to San Gerardo

The bus leaves from the Bus Station in the Mercado (market) south of the cathedral plaza. The bus marked San Gerardo leaves at the following times
Mondays through Saturdays: *5:45, 8:30, 11:30 a.m., 2:30, 5:30
Sundays and holidays:
*9:30 a.m., 2:00 and 6:00 p.m.

.*as of February 9, 2015
The fare is 1100 colones (roughly $2)
More information at hernadezsolis.com

The 2:30pm bus can drop you off at the SINAC park office in time for checktoin if your are hiking Chirripo the following day.

The last stop is at the San Gerardo village center. There is a small grocery, a church and soccer field there. Casa Mariposa is a lovely and hearty walk, 1.4 km, up the main road past the church. Cross the Quebrada Chispa Bridge, then the Rio Chirripo Bridge and continue up the final 450 meters to the Casa Mariposa, located just beyond the Uran restaurant

Activities
In Chirripó valley you can see cloudforests, waterfalls, Chirripó river, you can visit local hot springs and especially climb the highest mountain of Costa Rica Chirripó (3 820 m, 12 532 ft).
There is also troutfishing, horseback tours, art galleries, botanical gardens, hot springs, massage by a certified masseuse and much more.

Natural History
Formation
* 40to60 million years ago in the Eocene by volcanic activity. The presence of basaltic and andesitic rocks and tuffs are evidence
* 18 million years ago to Tectonic folding followed by intense plutonic activity which caused a rapid elevation of the entire area. This is Chirripo's granitic composition.
* 3to5 million years ago to The definitive shape of the range was attained during the posttoorganic phase.
* 25,000to30,000 years ago. to Formation of glacial lakes by movement of ice which still remain. There are utoshaped valleys, such as we can see in Valle los Morenos, el Valle los Lagos, and el Valle Los Conejos
Hydrology
* Chirripó means "Land of the Eternal Waters''. A Chirripó Trek in the rainy season will provide views of numerous streams and brooks. On the top of Cerro Chirripó Grande you will have a view of more than 30 lakes and lagoons. Some of them disappear completely in the dry season.
* Many large rivers have their source in the valleys of the Talamanca Mountain Range such as Rio Chirripó Atlantico, Rio Telire, Rio Chirripó Pacifico and the Rio Ceibo.
Flora
An extraordinary number of habitats can be found here, as a result of the differences in altitude, soil type, climate and topography.
* Paramo to From 2,900m up with mixed shrubs, grasses and perennial herbaceous plants of Andean origin. Chusco is the dominant plant type
* Swamps to Composed of herbaceous and shrub communities.
* Madrono Forests to Predominant species of the upper parts of the park.
* Cloud Forest to Large trees like the oak, sweet cedar, nargusta, elm, magnolia, lancewood, and mountain cypress.
* Fern Groves to They are mainly made up of the 1to2 meters high Lomaria fern and of sphagnum moss.
Fauna
* 263 species of amphibians and reptiles, and about 400 bird species have been observed. Chirripó National Park shelters the largest population of tapir in the country, puma jaguar, peccary, monkeys and many other species of mammals.
* Among the birds should be mentioned the most spectacular: The resplendent quetzal.
Human History
*Brave pretocolumbian Costa Ricans climbed the mountain for ceremonial purposes. Each climber was given a special talisman to protect them from the spirit of the mountain.
In 1904 Agustin Blessing, a priest and missionary of Talamancais, reported as the 1st nontoindigenous human reaching the summit.
* Following expeditions in 1905, 1913,1915, 1920, 1932 and 1942.
* From that time on many expeditions have achieved the goal: Get to the second highest peak in Central America: Mount Chirripó.
* On August 19th, 1975, Chirripó National Park was officially established. The Park was declared a "Biosphere Reserve'' by Unesco in 1982, and of the "World Heritage Sites" in 1983.